IS THE EARTH FLAT OR A SPHERE? IT KEEPS MOVING.

FLAT BELIEFS OR ROUND SCOPE


Christopher Columbus, knowing the Earth is round,                                                            sailed from Spain westward and guess what he found.                                                         New places that he thought was the Asian mainland,                                                                   and the discoveries led to a new marauding band.

Copernicus, Bruno, Galilei, and Newton                                                                                       all have something in common:                                                                                                 they dare to say the earth moved and is a sphere                                                                   end up life not spared or living in fear.
C. Neil

My little poem above was written to set the stage for a meandering review or swipe at how belief in a round earth that moves can lead to discoveries and new exploration (Columbus) but can also lead to persecution and death (Bruno) or a twist of fate from heretic to hero (Galileo).

Indeed, the Galileo melodrama touches a very important point. What is Truth? Yesterday’s fallacy can be today’s fact and today’s fact may be tomorrow’s fiction. Yeah, history is not necessarily fair in its representation of truth as it is invariably written from the perspective of the victor and not the victim. Regrettably, many times the suppressed victim’s view is the right view as will see in Galileo’s case.

In the 21st century, fortunately or unfortunately, kids are now taught in kindergarten that the earth is spherical, does move but is fixed in its plane, orbits around the sun and doesn’t move under their feet because of gravity.

Of course in the 21 st century, there are also many folks who believe that such teaching is nonsense. This is understandable as most major ancient religions from Mesopotamia to Egypt to the Greeks and to the Hebrews were built on a perception of a flat fixed earth that is at the centre of the universe. This tenet was so important to religion and power, that to believe otherwise could get you persecuted or killed.

THE EARTH: EVOLUTION OF THE FACTS

Based on the literature, the idea of a flat geocentric earth was the first common and ordinary understanding of the universe. Many of the major ancient religions, from the occultism of Mesopotamia (Sumer), to the religion of Babel and Hindu, to the myths and legends of Egypt, to the conquest of Greece and Persia, to the might of the Romans, all had a common underlying thread of the creation of gods in man’s own image and likeness and the belief in a flat geocentric universe. . 

The manufacturing of idols such as Ra, Osiris, Isis, Tammuz and Ishtar coupled with a flat geocentric universe was necessary for ” manageable and duly” control of the populace. Religion was authority and determine facts. It also ensured the perpetuation of nepotism and hereditary power. Of course, absolute power, absolute corruption.

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Many ancient religions, including the Hebrews, purport a Flat Fixed Earth around which the Sun and planets revolved. However, since Pythagoras, Copernicus and Galileo, this view has been questioned.


In early Mesopotamian mythology, the world was portrayed as a flat disk floating in the ocean with a hemispherical sky-dome above, and this formed the premise for early world maps  like those of Anaximander.

Needless to say, the neighbouring Hebrews adopted and assimilated these occultic thoughts and precepts into their religion as well. Indeed one of the months of the Jewish Calendar is Tammuz, named after Tammuz, Sumerian Mesopotamian god of fertility embodying the powers for new life in nature in the spring. Do you also recall how King Solomon adopted the pagan religions of his over 700 wives to the chagrin of the Hebrew God, Jehovah.

The flat earth dogma prevailed for thousands of years until it saw its first major opponent in the 6th century: Pythagoras (570 BC). His idea was proposed using constellation observations, by studying the earth’s circular shadow on the moon during a lunar eclipse and also his belief that every thing could be explained mathematically prompted him to feel that the sphere was a perfect shape. 

Pythagoras (570 – 495 BC) also made the astronomic observation that the evening star and the morning star were in fact the very same object (Venus). He was more pragmatic than religious and his studying of astrology, numbers and metaphysics was ironically considered as occultism by occultists. His famous Pythagoras Theorem is an old Sumerian principle. He was caring to nature and was believed to be a vegetarian.

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The Brotherhood of Pythagoreans,
Pythagorean Cult and the Pythagorean Theorem are believed to be based on Sumerian numerology and mysticism. Considered as the father of philosophy. Pythagoras was excommunicated by the Greeks for his radical thoughts.


To compound maters, not only was Pythagoras using occultism ideas, he founded the Brotherhood of Pythagorean (who coined the term mathematics) which many argue, was the world’s first Secret Society and the forerunner of Free Mason. The Pythagorean Cult was infamous and Pythagoras was excommunicated by the Greeks. Pythagoras coined the term philosophy.

Philolaus 390 B.C , another Ancient Greece philosopher and student of Pythagoras, promulgated the moveable spherical earth view. He believed that there is a “central fire” that everything else in the universe revolved around, including the moon, earth, and the other planets. However, in his theory, the “central fire” wasn’t the sun itself. The sun is said to have revolved around the “central fire”, as well.

Aristotle (384 – 322 BC)

Aristotle refused to buy the moveable earth idea but he was sold on the the fact that the Earth is a sphere. According to Aristotle, the shadow of the earth on the moon during an eclipse suggested that it was a sphere. Indeed, both Plato and Aristotle adopted the spherical earth notion but rejected the moveable earth tenet component. This muddled philosophy since Aristotle is one of the most quoted philosopher. This meant that Plato and Aristotle were endorsing aspects of the Pythagorean Cult: a spherical earth.

Aristarchus (310 BC –  230 BC)

Aristarchus, a Greek astronomer and mathematician, is famously known as the first person to have proposed the new heliocentric idea of the solar system – that the earth rotated and revolved around a stationary sun. Like Galileo many years later however, his sun centred ideas were dismissed as most people found it easier to believe the views of Aristotle and Ptolemy, that it was the earth that was at the centre of the solar system.

Eratosthenes (276 BC – 195 BC)

Aristotle’s confused view of a spherical but stationary earth prevailed until,
the father of Geography, Eratosthenes, became the first person to accurately calculate the circumference of the earth.  Fortunately or unfortunately, his ideas were not abound and Aristotle’s view was still preferred and continued for the next millennium, until the “trouble maker” Nicolaus Copernicus was born.

Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543) came on the scene and blurted, “We revolve around the Sun like any other planet.” He formulated a model of the universe that placed the Sun rather than the Earth at the centre of the universe and the world as not been the same since. Though similar to Pythagoras, Copernicus however, believed the planets orbit the sun and not a circle of fire.

Literature had it that Martin Luther (1483 – 1546), the founder of Protestant Christianity, commented on Copernicus’ theory that the Earth orbits the sun:

“This fool wishes to reverse the entire science of astronomy; but sacred Scripture tells us that Joshua commanded the sun to stand still, and not the earth (Psa xciii. I). […] Who will venture to place the authority of Copernicus above that of the Holy Spirit?” Martin Luther, Quoted in Bertrand Russell (1946).  Science has since decided who was the fool. 

 

For meddling purposes, let’s share an alleged statement by Ferdinand Magellan (1480-1521), Portuguese navigator of the same period, who did not necessarily support the authority of the Church:

“The church says the earth is flat, but I know that it is round, for I have seen the shadow on the moon, and I have more faith in a shadow than in the church” –

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Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) observation of Jupiter’s moons in 1610 confirmed the Copernican’s heliocentric view of the universe but it destroyed Aristotles geocentric cosmos and horrified the Church. He too was persecuted and he died under house arrest in 1642 after being arrested in 1633.

At about the same time, German mathematician Johannes Kepler was publishing a series of laws that describe the orbits of the planets around the Sun. Still in use today, the mathematical equations provided accurate predictions of the planets’ movement under Copernican theory.

In 1687, Isaac Newton put the final nail in the coffin for the Aristotelian, geocentric view of the Universe. Building on Kepler’s laws, Newton explained why the planets moved as they did around the Sun and he gave the force that kept them in check a name: gravity.

Well, the flat earth theory is still alive and has its following.

SPHERICAL EARTH: PERCEPTION AND PERSPECTIVE

After all that bookish meandering and heady stuff, it is timely to close this blong (blog long) on some more mundane and contemporary happenings. Albeit, still a bit controversial but easier to conceive and digest. Remember Aristotle’s tenet – it is all a matter of perception. Here goes:

  1.  Observing Lunar eclipses: Round shadow, round earth? 
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“The church says the earth is flat, but I know that it is round, for I have seen the shadow on the moon, and I have more faith in a shadow than in the church.” –Ferdinand Magellan (1480-1521) Portuguese navigator. This statement was in reaction to the dogma of the Vatican Church in the 16th century. As was seen, the flat geometric universe was more or less the “common sense” of the day.

A few folks such as Pythagoras and Aristotle, (570 – 495 BC) and (384–322 BC) respectively taught that the round shadow of Earth on the Moon during a lunar eclipse meant that the earth is a sphere. Aristotle supported his belief by observing “there are stars seen in Egypt and  Cyprus which are not seen in the northerly regions.” Since this could only happen on a curved surface, he believed the Earth was a sphere “of no great size, for otherwise the effect of so slight a change of place would not be quickly apparent.” (De caelo, 298a2–10).

Flat Earthers reasoned that the round shadow on the moon could be produced by a flat disc that always faces the Moon head-on during the eclipse. That is true, but the Moon is only rarely directly overhead during an eclipse and a given lunar eclipse is only visible from half of the Earth at a time.  Problem?

Nope, Flat Earthers dismiss this empirical evidence of the shadow by simply saying that the moon is a hologram and not a solid. By extension, the visits to the moon by the Soviet Union’s  unmanned Luna 2 mission on 13 September 1959, and the United States’  manned Apollo 11 mission on 20 July 1969 were impossible. Of course, January’s 2019 landing of an unmanned Chinese space craft on the far side of the moon was also a HOAX. Preposterous. It is simply a NASA conspiracy.

Suffice to say, not only did Galileo noticed the moons of Jupiter, he also saw mountains on the moon suggesting a solid.

  1. Visits to Antarctica as a tourist? Normal but expensive.

Related imageIt’s not a crazy idea? Simply put the craziest thing about going to Antarctica is the cold. Don’t be daunted by Flat-Earthers that claim Antarctica is a giant impenetrable icy wall encircling the Earth to keep us from falling off our disc-shaped world.

Antarctica is the world’s southernmost and 5th largest continent. It is bigger than the European Continent and twice the size of Australia.

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Visit a Marathon. A 25-day expedition departing from London  by way of Buenos Aires is $42,450 and up. Sea cruises leave from Ushuaia in Argentina lasting anywhere between 10 days and 3 weeks costing US$6,000 per person for shared accommodation cabins. CLICK TO WATCH THE MARATHON

An interesting fact is that Polar bears live only in the Arctic, and penguins live only in the Antarctic. It is also where the South Pole is situated which has 6 months of sunshine and six months of darkness with only one sunrise and sunset per year.

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Is surface circumnavigation of Antarctica really possible?

The Commonwealth Trans-Antarctic Expedition  of 2 March 1958 led by British Explorer Vivian Fuchs and New Zealander Edmund Hilary (the first man to climb Everest) successfully completed the first overland crossing of Antarctica via the South Pole.

 

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New Zealander Edmund Hilary (the first man to climb Everest) and British Explorer Vivian Fuchs completed the first overland crossing of Antarctica, via the South Pole, on the Commonwealth Trans-Antarctic Expedition, 2 March 1958. He was however the third person to reach the South Pole. CLICK TO WATCH THE VIDEO.

Flat Earthers insist that no one has ever crossed Antarctica. They propose that the world is a north-pole-centered disc and Antarctica is an impenetrable ice wall that encircles the planet and hides any edges. The explanation is that east-west circumnavigation is simply moving around the disc in a circle. (This is true as East-West paths form a circle in both disc and spherical geometry).

 

However, Flat Earthers believe it is possible in the disc model to traverse the North Pole, but it is not possible to perform a circumnavigation that includes the South Pole, which it posits does not exist in any event.

The Commonwealth Trans-Antarctic Expedition  of 2 March 1958 provided empirical evidence that Antarctica is a continent that can be traversed via a south pole that exist. Also, since the 1500s, many people have sailed or flown completely around the world in all directions, and none have discovered an edge or impenetrable barrier. As seen above, even tourists go to Antarctica.

  1. There is a North and South Pole? True or False?

According to Flat Earthers, the South Pole does not exist. They do believe in a North Pole which is at the centre of the flat earth.  However, how can there be North and no South? Can there be up without down or top without bottom? Is it perspective or perception?

Indeed, the South Pole does exist. It is also known as the Geographic South Pole or Terrestrial South Pole. It is one of the two points where the Earth’s axis of rotation intersects its surface. It lies on the opposite side of the Earth from the North Pole, at the centre of the Southern Hemisphere, on the continent of Antarctica.

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Amundsen–Scott South Pole Station at Antarctica which was established in 1956 and has been permanently staffed since that year. WATCH VIDEO ON SOUTH POLE STATION

The south pole is the only inhabited place on the land surface of the Earth from which the Sun is continuously visible for six months and is then continuously dark for the next six months. The South Pole sees the Sun rise and set only once a year. 

 

 

 

 

  1. Satellites Pictures of the Earth. Fake News?

 

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International Space Station picture showing Jamaica and Cuba. Is that a curved globe?

Satellites (Artificial) have been known to been in space and have taken mind boggling pictures suggesting a curved earth. Indeed, it was as early as October 4, 1957, that the Soviet Union launched SPUTNIK-1 into an elliptical low Earth orbit. This made its flight path to cover virtually the entire inhabited Earth. 

 

Flat Earthers say this is impossible as Artificial Satellites do not exist despite data showing that there are more than 40 countries have launched more than 4,000 satellites. According to Flat Earthers, GPS is operated by fibre optic cables running under the sea from continent to continent and by towers. There are no satellites. Fake News and conspiracy theory.

Claims by countries to have sent satellite into space is considered as conspiracy theory facilitated by NASA. One might understand NASA falsifying information but a conspiracy between the Soviet Union and NASA during the cold war era needs much thought.

SPHERICAL EARTH: HERETIC OR HEROIC? 

The Mesopotamia is considered as the cradle of civilization and our perception of the world is shaped by their culture. Sumer is also famed for being the home of occultism and mysticism. These meaningful yet satanic rituals were adopted by Egypt and the subsequent world powers, Babylon, Greece, Persia, Rome and the Anglo Saxons (Britain). The Hebrews were also tainted.

According to Aristotle and behavioural studies, our approach to life is basically perception: how we make sense of the world.  This is no easy task since the evolving of facts and the idea of an uncommon common sense make us note that even nonsense has sense in it. “Indeed, normal has become abnormal and abnormal has become normal”. By extension, today’s heresy can be tomorrow’s heroic deed.

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Galileo: From heretic to hero and from villain to victim. He was persecuted by the Vatican Church for his observations of the moons around Jupiter which defunct the geocentric cosmos. In 1992, Pope John Paul II declared that the ruling against Galileo was an error resulting from “tragic mutual incomprehension.”

A great example was in 1992, when Galileo Galilei went from heretic to hero. Pope John Paul II declared that the ruling against Galileo was an error resulting from “tragic mutual incomprehension.” Seems Galileo was right all along: heliocentric universe?

 

Image result for galileo galilei truthThis embarrassing situation is creating a possible debacle for religion as we know it. It could affect the establishment’s need to keep people in line with dogma. The Church had argued that if the earth is not at the centre of the universe (geocentric) it could undermine the notion of man’s special relationship with god.  Also, since scripture seemed to support a fixed earth, any attempt to prove otherwise could make the earth seem insignificant.

Related imageThe critical thing to note is that the Truth exists and being special lies in the eyes of the beholder. Maybe, the time and effort being spent delving in astrology, science, metaphysics and religion could be best spent seeing that the hungry is fed; the naked clad and the sick given a bed. Man, be thy brother’s keeper.

Trying Meat: To eat or not to eat?

TRYING MEAT: TO EAT OR NOT TO EAT?

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As a child, I grew up tall and skinny and a lover of meat. (Meat doesn’t necessarily make you fat neither does lack of meat makes you lean).  I remember my mom’s cooking with fondness and even salivate remembering my teeth ripping through the tasty sumptuous chicken, curried goat, oxtail, and fish which was my favourite dish. The bones didn’t get away either. It was so tasty that I use to lick my lips, lick my fingers and if mom was not looking, licked the plate too. To make matters worse, in elementary school we were reminded that not only is meat tasty, it is also nutritious. It is an easy ready source of nutrients such as protein and Vitamin B12. Those were the days.

Sigh. Then I grew up and start to take life more seriously: worrying about the meaning of life; who we are; what we are and many things that teenager ponder as they transit from child to adult. Fortunately or unfortunately, as a young teen, my friends were older and in their late 20s and embracing the conscious roots, Rasta 1970s Jamaican vibes. Back then trimming, eating meat and holding black people in bondage were seen as Babylon and ungodly.

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As such, my friends influence let me began to see that “to rise, kill and eat” was barbaric, inhumane and nonsensical. So as the Desiderata said, I did “Take kindly the counsel of the years, gracefully surrendering the things of youth”. Saul (Paul) said,  in 1 Corinthians 13:11, When I was a child, I spoke as a child, I understood as a child, I thought as a child; but when I became a man, I put away childish things.

I gave up meat in 1995 (with the exception of fish) and I am still tall and skinny. I must admit that the only problems I have with being a vegetarian are that it is costly (the best things in life are expensive); it is hard to get a meal as most restaurants sell flesh (do not follow a multitude to do wrongs) and it is a daily test of will and commitment (many are called, few are chosen).

However, it was easy for me not to eat flesh as I had questions about our mental, physical, social and intimate being in relation to what/who we eat, when we eat, how we eat, where we eat,  and why we eat.  We are what we eat.Image result for benefits of  meat einstein ghandi

Here is the “beef” with vegetarianism that prompt this blog. I discovered that today’s wo/man needs a very important nutrient called vitamin B12. That’s cool. No problem. Get it.

Now,  here is the dilemma. It is found mainly in animals and is not in most commonly eaten vegetables and fruits.

You got to be kidding me!!!!! Give me a phone line to God. This needs a big explanation as I thought that wo/man in its ideal form do not spill blood or eat meat yet vitamin B12 is mainly in animals. (See Genesis 1. 29 and the biblical perspective at end of this blog for details).

 

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I don’t know if this discovery would bother you or even you ever find yourself wondering if we should eat meat? how does it affect who we are  and is it wicked and sinful? This is an interesting and maybe provocative topic but I have nevertheless delved into it and am sharing some arguments in support and some against meat eating. A biblical perspective is attempted at the end.

THE BENEFITS OF EATING MEAT

Kris Gunnars, BSc in her article, 7 Reasons Not to Avoid Meat at https://authoritynutrition.com/7-evidence-based-health-reasons-to-eat-meat/ has this to say about the topic.

 1. We Can Function Eating Both Plants and Animals

The truth is that humans have evolved from herbivores to omnivores and our digestive systems have adapted to make use of the fats, proteins and nutrients found in animal foods.

2. Meat Contains Nutrients

High quality, unprocessed meat is high in many nutrients. A 100 gram portion (3.5 ounces) of raw ground beef contains vitamin B12, B3 (Niacin), B6, iron, zinc, selenium and various other vitamins and minerals. (It would take a much more sizeable amount of plant matter to produce an equivalent amount of nutrients).

Vitamin B12 is particularly important because it cannot be got from commonly consumed plants. Many people who avoid animal foods are deficient in it. (This is scary for vegans  as very low B12 intakes can cause anemia and nervous system damage. The only reliable vegan sources of B12 are foods fortified with B12 (including some plant milks, some soy products and some breakfast cereals) and B12 supplements.

Vegans have countered that B12 was an issue requiring no special attention as it is in some plants, or even an elaborate hoax. They proposed specific foods, including spirulina, nori, tempeh, and barley grass, as suitable non-animal sources of B12.

3. Meat Doesn’t Raise Your Risk of Cardiovascular Disease or Diabetes

Studies now show that saturated fat in the diet is not linked to heart disease, however, these studies found a significantly increased risk for processed meat. Seems if you want to avoid chronic disease, then it makes sense to avoid processed meat as much as possible but unprocessed meat seems to be fine they claim.

4. Meat Contains High Quality ProteinImage result for benefits of  meat einstein ghandi

Proteins are long strings of amino acids that are linked together and folded into complex shapes protein is important for bone health. There are about 9 amino acids that we cannot produce and must get from our diet. In this regard, animal proteins is given the edge over many plant proteins but easy doesn’t make it right.

5. There is Only a Very Weak Correlation With Cancer

There are some studies showing a link between red meat and cancer but new studies seem to be suggesting that while it is true that processed meat strongly correlates with increased cancer risk, the same is not true for unprocessed red meat. That being said, it is possible that the way meat is cooked has an effect, because carcinogens can form when meat is cooked excessively. For this reason, it is important to use gentler cooking methods and cut away all burnt or charred pieces.

THE BENEFITS OF NOT EATING MEAT

Michelle McMacken, MD, is a board-certified internal medicine physician and an assistant professor of medicine at NYU School of Medicine. According to her, http://www.forksoverknives.com/7-things-that-happen-when-you-stop-eating-meat/, people go plant-based for lots of reasons. These include losing weight, feeling more energetic, reducing the risk of heart disease, and decreasing the number of pills they take. She also touted the flowing reasons not to eat meat:

  1. You’ll reduce inflammation in your body.

Eating meat, cheese, and highly processed foods elevate the levels of inflammation in your body. Chronic inflammation has been linked to the development of atherosclerosis, heart attacks, strokes, diabetes, and autoimmune diseases, among other conditions. In contrast, plant-based diets are naturally anti-inflammatory, because they are high in fiber, antioxidants, and other phytonutrients, and much lower in inflammatory triggers like saturated fat and endotoxins (toxins released from bacteria commonly found in animal foods).

  1. Your blood cholesterol levels will plummet.

Saturated fat—primarily found in meat, poultry, cheese, and other animal products—is a major driver of our blood cholesterol levels which is a key risk factor for heart disease and strokes, two of the leading killers in the United States. Cholesterol in our food also plays a role.

Whole-food, plant-based diets reduce blood cholesterol because they tend to be very low in saturated fat and they contain zero cholesterol. Moreover, plant-based diets are high in fiber, which further reduces blood cholesterol levels.

  1. You’ll give your microbiome a makeover.Image result for einstein on meat

The trillions of microorganisms living in our bodies are collectively called the microbiome. Not only do they help us digest our food, but they produce critical nutrients, train our immune systems, turn genes on and off, keep our gut tissue healthy, and help protect us from cancer.

Plant foods help shape a healthy intestinal microbiome. The fiber in plant foods promotes the growth of “friendly” bacteria in our guts. On the other hand, fiber-poor diets (such as those that are high in dairy, eggs, and meat) can foster the growth of disease-promoting bacteria such as obesity, diabetes, atherosclerosis, autoimmune disease, inflammatory bowel disease, and liver disease.

  1. You’ll dramatically reduce your chances of getting type 2 diabetes.

Animal protein, especially red and processed meat, has been shown in study after study to increase the risk of type 2 diabetes. Several reasons: animal fat, animal-based (heme) iron, and nitrate preservatives in meat have been found to damage pancreatic cells, worsen inflammation, cause weight gain, and impair the way our insulin functions

You will dramatically lessen your chances of getting type 2 diabetes if you eat whole grains, which are highly protective against type 2 diabetes. Also, a plant-based diet can improve or even reverse your diabetes if you’ve already been diagnosed.

  1. You’ll get the right amount—and the right type—of protein.

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Meat is an easy rich source of protein and this strength is its weakness and danger. Contrary to popular perception, this excess protein does not make us stronger or leaner. Excess protein is stored as fat or turned into waste, and animal protein is a major cause of weight gain, heart disease, diabetes, inflammation, and cancer.

On the other hand, the protein found in whole plant foods protects us from many chronic diseases.

  1. Huge impact on the health of our planet and its inhabitants.

Animal agriculture has led to many development and improvements in the type of life of man. It has led us to save time that went into a shift from being nomadic to city building; creation of industries and the use of food, cosmetics and clothing from animal. However, animal agriculture is extremely destructive to the planet. It is the single largest contributor to greenhouse gas emissions, and is a leading cause of land and water use, deforestation, wildlife destruction, and species extinction. The current food system, based on meat and dairy production, also contributes to world hunger—the majority of crops grown worldwide go toward feeding livestock, not feeding people.

Image result for quotes on meat einstein ghandiEqually important, animals raised for food are sentient beings who suffer and know pain. Eating a plant-based diet helps us lead a more compassionate life. After all, being healthy is not just about the food we eat; it’s also about our consciousness—our awareness of how our choices affect the planet and all of those with whom we share it.

A BIBLICAL PERSPECTIVE

Phase 1 – pure man

In Genesis 1.29-30 we read:  Then God said, “I give you every seed-bearing plant on the face of the whole earth and every tree that has fruit with seed in it. They will be yours for food. And to all the beasts of the earth and all the birds of the air and all the creatures that move on the ground—everything that has the breath of life in it—I give every green plant for food.” And it was so. (NIV).

In short, man at the beginning of creation, while in its righteous and sinless state was commanded to be a vegetarian. This would suggest that man’s body was made to be herbivores and the need for canine to rip flesh was not necessary.

Phase 2 – Fallen man

Then, after Man became vile and sinful, and after the Flood, in Genesis 9.1-5 we read: Then God blessed Noah and his sons, saying to them, “Everything that lives and moves will be food for you. Just as I gave you the green plants, I now give you everything. “But you must not eat meat that has its lifeblood still in it. And for your lifeblood I will surely demand an accounting. I will demand an accounting from every animal.” (NIV)

It appears after the Flood, permission was given to eat meat and man’s body evolved into omnivores. (This is where I think that the need for Vitamin B12 start to evolve).

Phase 3 –  Laws

Then after the Israelites came out of Egypt and were trying to be a bit more righteous, Moses said God told him that the new order would be as follows: Leviticus 11: The Lord said to Moses and Aaron, “Say to the Israelites: ‘Of all the animals that live on land, these are the ones you may eat: You may eat any animal that has a divided hoof and that chews the cud. The rabbit, though it chews the cud, does not have a divided hoof; it is unclean for you. And the pig, though it has a divided hoof, does not chew the cud; it is unclean for you. You must not eat their meat or touch their carcasses; they are unclean for you.

Phase 4 – Modern man

The bible has been silent on the eating of meat since the Moses laws. However, many verses in the New Testament have been quoted to “legalize” the eating of blood and unclean animals such as pigs, rabbits and dogs but none is a commandment of God.

For example, a popularly quoted verse, Acts 10 is used because in it God said “Rise, kill and eat as nothing I have cleansed is unclean or common”. In fact this was a vision and was simply preparing Peter for the meeting with the Centurion, who was a gentile. (The Old testament taught that all non Israelite were unclean, inferior and were dogs). Can you believe that?

It is true. That is why the Apostle Peter was given the vision so he no longer hung on to such bigotry and racism. “[Acts 10:7-16. He recognized its meaning when the gentile Cornelius invited him to dinner the very next minute after the vision. At  Cornelius’ dinner, Peter related to his hosts, “You yourselves know how unlawful it is for a Jew to associate with or to visit any one of another nation; but God has shown me that I should not call any man common or unclean “.  Peter then baptized the first gentiles (non-Israelites) God called into the Church who were not initially Jewish proselytes (Acts 10:45-48). (The analogy of unclean meat to clean meat is to do with human beings).

SHOULD WE EAT MEAT?Image result for benefits of  meat einstein ghandi

As was seen, science, the bible and expediency of survival taught us it is okay to eat meat. On the other hand, science, religion and expediency have taught us it is not okay and maybe even sinful to eat animals. Seems there is no clear winner.

Meat is a ready and cheap form of nutrition and it has allowed man to switch from nomadic societies to domestication of animals and the creation of great towns and cities. None of that, of course, means that increased meat consumption—or any meat consumption at all—is necessary for today’s’ man.

Maybe with the increased wars, lack of brotherly love and the breakdown of basic morality, not eating meat may reverse these tendencies. After all, quality of life should be measured by how we treat the poor, less fortunate and dumb creatures. I am sure ALL animals would give vegetarianism a YES vote. Although it might seem trivial, animals are our friends and co partners and should not be our dinner.

I am still puzzled why B12 is not readily available in common plants but realize that the need for Vitamin B12 is evolutionary as man switched from being a herbivore to Omnivore. For example, did you know that science claims that the Brown Bear over thousands of years underwent evolutionary change and became the Polar bear? Surviving the harsh polar environment of cold and no plants resulted in molars becoming canine and skin coat change to white to fit the snow.  It seems we are what we eat so would we live to eat, or eat to live. .

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Before you eat your next meal of sweet savoury delectable meat, don’t selfishly think of the rich source of nutrition you are getting. Instead think of the horror those farm animals faced when they noticed that the man that raised them, took care of them, and protect them, has turned around and killed them. Maybe the eating of  this “horror” meat is the reason we are what we are. Callous, inhumane and sick.

Summarily, meat eating is a choice but its outcome is a consequence. So, as we rush in where even angels fear to tread remember that the way that seems easy wide and fully lit might be the way to destruction.

Solomon sums it up neatly in Ecclesiastes 12 vs 13 – 14.

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The commandment that instruct us to eat royally and in harmony with life is in the first chapter of the first book of “our” bible and suffice to say, “As it was in the beginning, so shall it be in the end”.

Gen 1 vs 29. And God said, Behold, I have given you every herb bearing seed, which is upon the face of all the earth, and every tree, in the which is the fruit of a tree yielding seed; to you it shall be for meat…….And God saw everything that he had made, and, behold, it was very good.