EASTER, 5000 YEARS BEFORE CHRIST

ORIGINS OF EASTER

There are two days in the year when the earth, sun, moon and Venus are so aligned that there are equal hours of daylight and night on earth. Twelve hours of sunlight and twelve hours of darkness. Wow. These two occurrences actually do wonders to life on earth. It either renews and allow rebirth to life or it withers and kills life.

These two remarkable times on earth are called equinoxes. They occur at the beginning of Spring, (March 20 this year) and Autumn, September 23. They are called the Spring and Autumn Equinox respectively. In the southern hemisphere, the reverse is true. They have Autumn in March and Spring is in September.

Of the two, for obvious reasons, mankind loved and looked forward to Spring as a child looked forward to the return of its parents.  Spring, just like a parent, provided and promised sunshine, hope, protection, growth, care and the fostering of a positive outlook on life. On the other hand, Autumn signaled the return of darkness, gloom, bare trees and cold days. Which child would not want to encourage such a parent as Spring to continue being motherly. The encouragement of Spring to fecundate earth is Easter.

THE FIRST EASTER

Undeniably, even today, most people look forward to Spring time than to Winter time. For the fun of it, imagine Winter for 12 months every year and no Spring or Summer. Scary eh? Well, early men did not leave things up to chance. They needed to ensure that Spring turned up every year and if encouraging or bribing it would help…so be it.

EasterIndeed that was exactly what happened more than 5000 years before Christ, in Mesopotamia. Man tried to bribe nature and created a cult by deifying the Spring Equinox. At first she was called Inanna by the Sumerians, but the Assyro-Babylonian Ishtarte, the Northwest Semetic goddess Astarte,  the Sidonians Ashtoreth, the  Greek  Aphrodite,   Roman Venus or Athena, Egyptian Isis or Hathor, Etruscan Turan, the German (Eostre) and Anglo Saxons (Easter) are all offshoots.

Easter is the “Queen of Heaven”. She is seen as the goddess of fertility, love, protection, fate, sex, childbirth and marriage. Easter was linked to Venus the brightest object in the night sky. She was also said to be Semiramis, wife of Nimrod.

Arguably, Easter is the most important mother goddess of Mesopotamia relics, alive and flourishing today. Since Easter is a Spring and full moon festivity, it is observed on the first Sunday after the full moon after the Spring Equinox. It can fall as early as March 22 or as late as April 25. 

Traditionally, the rites and rituals surrounding Easter range from fun games to gory. In instances cakes or buns were baked for the Queen’s birthday and there are stories of virgin girls being impregnated in order for the baby to born in December near the Winter Solstice. In March of the following year, these three month old babies were sacrificed to Easter to help ensure that Spring would be bountiful. Some common symbols, associated with Easter and embodying fertility and piety are hot cross buns, Easter eggs. Easter Bunny, ashes, Sunday church at the rising sun of Spring after the full moon,  lighting of candles etc.  (See my blong on Easter/Ishtar for more details)

EASTER- THE BIG DEBACLE

Up to 300 years after the death of Christ, “Followers of Christ”, shunned the Church as the Church was hunting them down to kill them. The disciples and “Followers of Christ”, also chose to recognize the death of Christ on the date it occurred: the Jewish Passover, which fell around day 14 of the month of Nisan, (March or April), and could be any day of the week.

However, the Catholic Church along with Constantine the emperor of Rome, decided in AD 325, at the council of Nicea, that  such practice should stop and the “new” Christians would instead make the commemoration of Christ’s death coincide with Easter, the Sunday after the Spring Equinox and full moon. One umbrella for Christ and paganism. This umbrella was given the name Christianity. 

Although Easter was a pagan and satanic worship, the Nicean council decided that they would surreptitiously claim that Christ was killed on a Friday and raised on a Sunday, in order to maintain their Friday worship of fish eating to Dagon and their Sunday Spring Equinox worship for Easter. This would have been quite genius but for one small detail. 

poster easter constantineConstantine had been oblivious of the prophecy that Christ must be dead for three days and three nights”.  Count and see if you can get three days and three nights from Friday night to Sunday morning. Doesn’t fit eh? Even if you not the brightest kid in kindergarten.   Of course, Christianity cannot explain this blunder logically  so they do it in “faith and belief”. In English, it is called Fiction and Fallacy. In the streets, it is called a Lie. 

The truth is, Christ was crucified at Wednesday midday and died by 3 pm same day. He rose three days later on the Saturday evening around 6 pm. Count and see if you get three days and three nights. Good, it is something any kindergarten kid can do.

DEBUNKING THE GOOD FRIDAY STORY

How can we safely say Christ was crucified on a Wednesday when the Bible said he was killed the day before the Sabbath. Isn’t the Sabbath a Saturday? Yup, the weekly Sabbath is Saturday but Christ was killed at a High Sabbath or annual Sabbath which fell on Nissan 15 every year. It was a Thursday that year

SabbathIt is a date not a day and can take place on any of the 7 days of the week. This High Sabbath is held to commemorate the exodus of the Israelite from Egypt. Recall the Passover and the killing of the first born of Egypt as we learnt in Sunday School. That was when the Passover Sabbath was created. It must not be confused with the regular weekly Saturday or 7th day Sabbath which was created from in Genesis. Thus each year, a week in March or April has 2 Sabbaths.  

For proof of Christ’s death day, let us take a keen note of the first 4 gospels of the New Testament.  You will see the subtlety. A chronological journey with Christ from Palm Sunday when he rode into Jerusalem on an ass until he rose from the dead Saturday evening should makes things a bit clearer than mud…hopefully.

DAY/TIME EVENTS Days/night of death
“Palm”  Sunday
  • Christ rode into Jerusalem town on an ass
  • Went into the temple and whipped the money exchangers and turn over their tables. Felony?
  • Called the temple a “den of robbers and thieves”. (Slander?)
  • He healed some sick people and then spent the night in Bethany. (altruist?)  Matthew 21:1-16
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Monday
  • Spent his time preaching in the temple
  • Spoke parables such as the wicked tenants,
  • Discussed his views on the right to pay taxes
  • Declared that the greatest commandment is that we should love the Lord thy god with all our heart, soul and mind.
  • Curse out the Pharisees.
  • Upon leaving the temple he told the parable of the 10 virgins.
  • Judas went to the authorities. Matthew 21:23-27
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Tuesday
  • No teaching
  • Back to Jerusalem Matthew 26:17-19
  • Passover meal in the evening, at about 6 pm in Jerusalem.
  • Exposed Judas.
  • After the meal they went to the garden of Gethsemane
  • arrested and brought before the Jews later in the night. Matthew 26:47-56
0
Wednesday
  • Tried and whipped early morning, 9 am Matthew 27:2-50
  • Crucified at midday
  • Dead at 3 pm
  • removed from the cross, wrapped in linen and placed in a tomb before 6 pm.
  • No time to prepare his body for burial as they had to prepare for the Annual Sabbath in a few hours.
  • Annual High Sabbath (Feast of unleavened bread) begun at 6 pm.
First night (6 pm – 6 am)
Thursday
  • Christ is already dead. Luke 23:43-46
  • Annual High Sabbath (Feast of unleavened bread) continued.
  • High Sabbath ends 6 pm
First day (6 am to 6 pm)Second night (6 pm – 6 am)
“Good” Friday
  • Christ is already dead
  • After the end of the High sabbath Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James, and Salome, bought spices, that they might come and anoint the dead. Mark 16:1
  • Spices were prepared in the day on Friday but they had to stop for the Saturday Sabbath was approaching. They intended to come back first thing Sunday morning to anoint the body.
  • The women rested on the Saturday Sabbath day (starting from 6 pm Friday evening). Luke 23:55 – 24:1
Second day (6 am to 6 pm)

Third night (6 pm – 6 am)

Saturday
  • Christ is already dead, in the morning
  • Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James continue resting during the Saturday Sabbath until it ended on  Saturday evening at 6 pm)
  • Christ risen around 6 pm, Saturday evening.
  • Sunday begins at 6 pm.
Third day (6 am to 6 pm)
Sunday
  • Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James visit Jesus tomb on the Sunday, first day of the week. 6 am. Matthew 28:1-10
  • Christ already risen from Saturday (6 pm)
0

EASTER IN THE OLD TESTAMENT
Since we are on the topic of Bible, let us use this opportunity to further debunk the idea that Easter is being worshiped to recognized Christ’s death. If Christ is in the New Testament and Easter is mentioned in the Old testament, it would mean that Easter existed before Christ. Here are some verses to consider. Get your Bible.

2 Kings 23:13 And the high places that were before Jerusalem, which were on the right hand of the mount of corruption, which Solomon the king of Israel had builded for  Ashtoreth   the abomination of the Zidonians, and for Chemosh the abomination of the Moabites, and for Milcom the abomination of the children of Ammon, did the king defile.

1 Kings 11:5-6. He followed Ashtoreth the goddess of the Sidonians, and Molech the detestable god of the Ammonites.  So Solomon did evil in the eyes of Yahweh; he did not follow Yahweh completely, as David his father had done.

1 Kings 11:33. I will do this (split the nation) because they have forsaken me and worshiped Ashtoreth the goddess of the Sidonians…

 (1 Samuel 7:3,4). So the people of Israel removed the Baals and images of Ashtoreth. They served only Yahuwah.

The women were engaged in kneading dough and baking cakes of bread for the “Queen of Heaven” (Jeremiah 7:18).

Jeremiah 44: 15-18 stated that the people actually believed that because they stopped worshiping Easter or the Queen of Heaven they were suffering. Jeremiah think contrary. It was the worshiping of Easter that caused the calamity.

For more details..see my blog on Easter/Ishtar: goddess of fertility. 

THE BIG CONTROVERSY: EASTER – IDOLATRY OR CHRISTIANITY?

How do we start? With an answer and then explanation? Okay. Easter is both Idolatry and Christianity. Don’t get offended yet. Hush, if it hurts but logic would suggest that if Easter was started 7000 thousand years ago by men who created god to represent nature, Spring Equinox and Venus, , then it is a cult and idolatry by definition. However, 300 years after the death of Christ, at the AD 326 Council of Nicaea, the most noble and greatest of emperors of Rome, and arguably, of the world, declared that Easter would no longer be for Romans/pagans only but would also double up as recognition of Christ who he claimed was  “fully human and fully divine.” 

This whitewashed version of paganism, now called Christianity, heralded in a  perpetuation of ungodly and dark mysteries by surreptitiously marrying paganism such as the Spring Equinox (March 20) and the Winter Solstice ( December 22) with Christ name only. This move is akin to re-branding a whore house as a leisure lounge. New name. Same evil deeds. 

Click here to read more about the birthday of the Unconquerable SUN

poster easterEaster was “painted’ and “sold” as Christ’s resurrection day (rebirth) and December 22 was called Christmas, even though it was previously known as the birth day of the SUN…not son. At December 22, a remarkable thing happens. Days of sunlight reached its shortest and  then the start to get longer. A Birthday of the SUN.  Sunday, which was holy for the worship of the SUN also became the Lord’s Day instead of Saturday as mandated by Exodus 20 vs 8 – 10 (KJV): Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work: 10 But the seventh day is the sabbath of the Lord thy God:

These “new” converts or subscribers to the new religious order was called Christians. By re-branding the mystery cults and religion as Christianity, Constantine managed to keep the religious order in tact while avoiding a civil unrest among the population. Interestingly, Constantine became one of the first Christians, if not the first. The fox was now in charge of the chicken coop. Diabolic or genius or diabolically genius? Such was the greatness of Constantine.  

Constantine was not finished yet. At the same meeting , the council also resolved that Easter should be fixed on a Sunday, not on the Wednesday or on Nisan 14, the day Christ died and as was practiced by the early “followers of Christ. As a result, Easter is now celebrated on the first Sunday after the full moon of the vernal equinox.

(To read more about the Unconquerable SUN, the shortest day in the year and the Winter Solstice, check my blog)

(Never ever forget that according to the New Testament, it was the church, led by Caiaphas,  the high priest and Pilate, the Roman procurator of Judea, that killed Christ). The church and the state. 

With that in mind, it is crucial; that we reinforce the distinction between “Followers of Christ” and Christianity. “Followers of Christ” are not Christians. They only have one thing in common. The word Christ. “Followers of Christ” believe in John 3 vs 16 and Proverbs 3 vs 6. They obey the commandments and they feed the hungry, clad the naked and give drinks to the thirsty. They have one god and do not bow to or give respect to no other god, even at the stake of death. They keep the Sabbath holy, not Sunday. “Followers of Christ” detest and scorn Easter and Christmas as they see them as just relics of mystery Babylon and satanic cults. Similar to Christ, “followers of Christ” do not eat abominable meats such as crows, lobster and pork. Last but not least, according to the Bible, they will be just a measly few of them. I guess quality better than quantity? Hmmm.

On the other hand, Christians are idol worshipers under the veil of Christ’s name. Sadly, many do not know and few care but as Mark 7 vs 8 – 9 noted: “This people draweth nigh unto me with their mouth, and honoureth me with their lips; but their heart is far from me. But in vain they do worship me, teaching for doctrines the commandments of men”. Also, in history, Christians waged wars for fun and conquest and have killed or annihilated millions of innocent souls who refused or are not Christians. Recall the bloody Crusades and the enslavement of Blacks in Jamaica and the Caribbean. They were done in the name and support of Christianity.  Last but not last . They are many Christians.  Quantity but no quality? Hmmm

EASTER BACK THEN, SAME AS NOW

Around 2500 years before Abraham and 5000 years before Christ, the people in Mesopotamia  (Sumerians) created gods in their own image and likeness. One such goddess was Easter.  She was hailed as the goddess of fertility and Queen of Heaven. Her cult spread but some people such as Abraham and the prophets were of the view that Jehovah God detested Easter and saw it as abominable.

After the death of Christ, in order to reduce the chances of civil uprising and to appease the pagan gods, Constantine, the emperor of Rome, pulled off a stunt, albeit diabolical.  He, with the signing of a document, made Easter a part of a “new” Christianity that was quintessentially a re-branded ” mystery religion and paganism. 

Due to this fallacy, though painful, at Easter, many people try to connect with the creator of the heavens and earth but are instead connecting with the created beings in the heaven and the earth. Fortunately, although they can fool some of the people some of the times, they cannot fool all of the people all of the time. As such, it was noticed by curious prying souls that Easter is as old as civilization, and existed  thousands of years before Christ. Attempts to tag Christ’s death to a ancient mystery ritual called Good Friday , did not pass the test as 1 plus 1 = 2 but 1 and 1 = 11 (eleven).

Debunking the Friday death day fallacy, we can note that Christ was killed the day before the Sabbath but it was not a weekly Saturday Sabbath. He was killed the day before the High Sabbath that was held every year, at Nisan 15, by the Israelite in recognition of their escape or deliverance from Egypt. It is a date, not a day.

In short Christ was killed as a sacrificial lamb at the Passover Wednesday Nisan 14, to fulfill prophecy which claimed that the messiah Christ would be killed and raised from the dead in three days and three nights in order to wipe away the sins of the earth and provide a new “road to the creator, Jehovah). 

As such, anything that contradicts prophesy and the Bible, should be approached with caution. Of course, it depends if you are a “Follower of Christ” or a Christian. Sometimes, fools do rush in where angels fear to tread.

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MARCH 20 – THE MAGIC OF THE VERNAL OR SPRING EQUINOX: EASTER 101

SPRING EQUINOX: A TIME OF BALANCE AND REBIRTH

The Vernal or Spring Equinox, which occurred, March 20, 2019, is easily the most important astronomical event of the year. It was a time of almost equal hours of sunlight and darkness in a day. It signaled a new beginning: a time of balance, change, rebirth, resurrection and fertility. It was a time to clean up the fields and sow new seeds after the cold barren winter. Indeed, it was used to mark the beginning of the astronomical year. (January 1 became the new year in 46 BC as decreed by Julius Caesar).  

The spring equinox’s lures were so profound that it has been celebrated, incarnated, reincarnated  and deified with myths and legends abounding in almost all major civilizations, since antiquity. Indeed, it is the common thread in many major religions and cultures since Mesopotamia and was based on the position of the sun in the sky. 

On a philosophical note, the spring equinox is a time of balance as there is an equal amount of sunlight (good) and darkness (bad). It is the beginning of a time when the light (good) conquers darkness (bad) for 6 months as the hours of daylight per day begin to lengthen until it reaches its longest on June 22, beginning of summer. It is a time to clear out the negatives and to start new projects and relationships. It’s a time to resurrect the positive energy that flows within but has been dormant.

Undoubtedly, the magic of spring has had such a cocaine hallucinating addictive type effect on mankind since creation that its deification and worship is almost surreptitious.

WHAT’S MAGICAL ABOUT THE VERNAL (SPRING) EQUINOX

poster equinox 2In the Northern Hemisphere, the Spring Equinox can take place on March 19, 20 or 21. The Vernal or Spring equinox is also called the first day of spring“, with vernal meaning spring or “fresh” and equinox meaning equal nights. On March 20, the sun moves from south of the celestial equator to north of the equator. The hours of day lights, which have been getting longer since the winter solstice, Dec. 20 – 23, now equals the nights in length. 

From March 20, until the summer solstice on June 20 – 21, the sunlight will gradually get longer because the sun will be higher in the sky, giving more hours of sunlight. (If you were noticing, night fall comes much earlier in December than say in June).

Also, if you live in North America you will understand and feel the magic that early man was experiencing when spring came.  It was life anew: the birds that flew south were returning; the trees were putting out leaves as if resurrected; the snow was gone and long lonely days of winter were gone. More hours of sun means warmer, I mean hotter, days. Warmer days mean more farming, more food supplies  and more fun and frolic. It was magic happening.

It begs the question, who are what was causing this magic and rebirth of life. Naturally, it would not only be important to know but also prudent to help encourage these entities to act favourable to man through worship and praise. Since the creator, to whom all praise is due,  is a spirit and cannot be seen, man created god (s) in his own image and likeness based on astrological designs. The spring equinox was one of the first deity created to give recognition to nature.

EASTER (ISHTAR): MAGIC MEETS MYSTICISM

Easter

According to popular myths and legends , Inanna, was the first name for the Spring Equinox deity as coined by the ancient Sumerian who called her goddess of love, beauty, sex, desire, fertility, war, combat, justice, and political power. She was also known as the Queen of Heaven. Later on, Inanna was worshiped by the Babylonians and Assyrians under the name Ishtar or Ashtoreth or (goddess of fertility).In Greek Mythology she was called Aphrodite and her husband was Adonis or Dumuzid the Shepherd (later known as Tammuz). Ancient Egypt had her as Isis and her husband Osiris. German (Eostre) and Anglo Saxons (Easter) were similar. She was associated with the planet Venus, the morning star, the brightest object in the sky. 

EASTER AND SEMIRAMIS, WIFE OF NIMROD

Some Easter legends and myths also include Nimrod of the tower of babel fame, and his wife, Semiramis. After his death, Nimrod became the sun god  and used his rays of light to impregnate his wife, now a widow. 

Ash Wednesday semiramis.tammuz
Semiramis and Tammuz (Mother and child worship) became Ishtar, Queen of heaven” and goddess of fertility.

The child  was called Tammuz , son of the sun god and was responsible for bringing light into the world and to fight darkness.

After, Semiramis’s death, Nimrod sent her back to earth as the Spring fertility goddess, Ashtoreth or Easter. She emerged from a giant egg that landed in the Euphrates River in Mesopotamia on the Spring Equinox. To prove her divine authority, Semiramis, changed a bird into an egg laying rabbit. (Easter eggs and rabbits?)

The tragedy continued with Tammuz being killed by a boar (hog) at age 40. In order to bring him back to life, the idea of 40 days of abstinence from wantonness and red meat was instituted. One day for each year of his life.  His death celebrations (now Lent) are tied to Easter, with the beginning (called Ash Wednesday) being 40 days counting backward, from Easter, without the Sundays. Sundays are “Holy days”. Ham or pig was eaten at Easter in remembrance of Tammuz’s death. 

KEEPING TRACK OF THE SPRING EQUINOX AND EASTER

To keep track of the beginning of spring in order to worship Easter was no easy feat despite the use of calendars. Today, we are used to a solar calendar with New Years Day falling on January 1; a “year” of 12 months (365 1/4 days) which was based on the earth’s rotation around the sun. 

poster roman calendars mix
The 10 month:  Martius, Aprilis, Maius, Junius, Quintilis, Sextilis, September, October, November, and December. The last six names were taken from the Latin words for five, six, seven, eight, nine, and ten. Today, the 5th and 6th month in our calendar are renamed July and August in memory of Julius and Augustus Caesar.

However, the early Romans, had a lunar calendar with 10 months of 304 days, much less than the solar 365 1/4 days. The year begun in March. Romulus, the legendary first ruler of Rome, is accredited with this calendar in 753 B.C.E. 

The Roman ruler Numa Pompilius , 713 BCE, was credited in adding January at the beginning and February at the end of the calendar to create the 12-month year  This made the Roman year 355 days long but still shorter than the solar 365 1/4 as it was still lunar. 

Julius Caesar, corrected this in  46 B.C. by making that year  445 days long by imperial decree, bringing the calendar back in step with the seasons. He made the solar year (with the value of 365 days and 6 hours) the new basis for the calendar. The months were 30 or 31 days in length, and to take care of the 6 hours, every fourth year was made a 366-day year. Moreover, Caesar decreed the year began with the first of January, not with the traditional vernal equinox in late March.

However, despite this correction, the Julian calendar was still 111/2 minutes longer than the actual solar year, and after a number of centuries, even 111/2 minutes adds up.

The Church became concerned with this problem, as it was affecting the actual date of the spring equinox, and in the 1582 Pope Gregory XIII introduced a new calendar. The Gregorian calendar omitted 10 days for that year and established the new rule that only one of every four centennial years should be a leap year. In short, the new formula for calculating leap years required the year to be evenly divisible by 4; that the year cannot be evenly divided by 100, unless it is also evenly divisible by 400. 

FACTS, FICTION AND FALLACY OF EASTER AND THE SPRING EQUINOX 

Let’s recall that a fact is a thing done or known to be true or existent; in reality. On the other hand a fiction is ” invented statement or narrative;  conventionally accepted false hood. Fallacy is ” mistaken belief; faulty reasoning or misleading argument. Some prevailing facts, fiction and fallacy surrounding the Spring Equinox and Easter are outlined below. 

Spring equinox is an astronomical event that was once used to note the beginning of the year. This is a fact and it still does. It occurs between March 19 – 21, when the sun moves from south of the celestial equator to north of the equator and the day light equaled the dark night in length, or  “equinox” — Latin for “equal nights.”

The spring equinox was deified and worshiped. Fact. Since the spring equinox promised balance, the beginning of fertility and rebirth, it was made into  “goddess of fertility” and the “queen of heaven” since antiquity. Fact. She went under different names such as Inanna, Ishtar, Easter and Ashtoreth,  before Abraham, Moses, Jeremiah or even Jesus Christ was born..  

Easter, as the deification of the spring equinox was calculated using the full moon after the spring equinox. Fact,  It is now held on the Sunday after the full moon after the spring equinox as decreed by Constantine at the Nicea council in AD 326. Since, it is dependent on the full moon after the spring equinox, it can be as early as March 22 or as late as April 25. Recall last year 2018, Easter was fittingly on April 1 or All’ Fools’ Day. This year it is April 21. It will be on April 12, 2020.

Easter was not originally in recognition of Christ’s death and resurrection. It is a fact that Easter is now being taught as the “death and resurrection of Christ, but in reality it is fiction with fallacy. It was not an original intention. The evidence is that Easter was before Christ and was only attached to Christ, 326 years after his death by Emperor Constantine at Council of Nicea. This convenient marriage of old Roman paganism, Easter, with Christ’s name was a political and civil decision to appease the followers of Christ and continue the old mystery religion of Rome.  

Christ died on Friday and not Wednesday? Fiction and fallacy.  It is is myth and mistaken belief or faulty reasoning. Friday to Sunday is not three days and three nights.

The logic of Jonas:“For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale’s belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.” (Matthew 12:38-40). 

portrait jesus death dayMost people tend to agree that by early Sunday morning Christ had risen from the dead. They tend to disagree about when he was killed. Counting backward, from his resurrection, Sunday,  logically, three days and three nights would be Wednesday. 

What, wasn’t Christ crucified on a Friday? Let us check. The fact is the bible said he was killed the day before the Sabbath. We normally assume that the day before the sabbath is Friday. Most times this is true but did you notice that there were two Sabbaths mentioned in the week when Christ was crucified. A High Sabbath and the Saturday Sabbath. Well, it is the key to unlocking the day of death of Christ.

According to John 19:31, “the Jews therefore, because it was the preparation, that the bodies should not remain upon the cross on the sabbath day, (for that sabbath day was an high day,) besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away” 

According to Leviticus 23, there are seven (7) High Sabbaths, and one is celebrated annually on Nisan 14 which is roughly March/April. These High Sabbaths and the regular Saturday Sabbath are different. The High Sabbath in March/April can fall on any day of the week. it is always Nisan 14. It is celebrated after the Passover in remembrance of the Israelite’s  exodus from Egypt, not the killing of Christ. 

You may recall, Christ rode into town on an ass on “palm” Sunday for the upcoming Passover, spent Monday in Jerusalem, the next day Tuesday; after he had the Passover dinner with his disciples, he was arrested  in the garden of Gethsemane in the night. He was tried and killed the next day Wednesday by 3 pm, which was the preparation day for the High Sabbath, the following day, Thursday. The High Sabbath, Thursday came and went. 

On Friday, the day after the High Sabbath, the women bought and prepared spices for Christ’s body but could not get it done on time as they had to prepare for the upcoming Saturday Sabbath, which began Friday evening. They decided that they would wait until Sunday, after the Saturday Sabbath, to put the spice on Christ, but when they had reached his tomb early Sunday morning he was already risen as they were told by an angel.

So in practice, every year, the week with Nisan 14 has two Sabbaths unless Nisan 14 also falls on the Saturday. So in actuality, Christ was killed the day before the High Sabbath, not the day before the Saturday Sabbath.

Still a bit fuzzy? Get your Bible and remember that in Christ’s time, a day begun at sun set or in the evening. Not at midnight as we now do. So Saturday actually begun Friday evening and ended Saturday evening with Sunday beginning Saturday evening and finishing Sunday evening. 

http://www.eaec.org/bibleanswers/passover-week-two-sabbaths.htm

DAY/TIME EVENTS Days/night of death
“Palm”  Sunday
  • Christ rode into Jerusalem town on an ass) Matthew 21:1-16
0
Monday
  • Spent his time preaching in the temple
  • Spoke parables such as the wicked tenants,
  • Discussed his views on the right to pay taxes
  • Declared that the greatest commandment is that we should love the Lord thy god with all our heart, soul and mind.
  • Cursed the Pharisees.
  • Upon leaving the temple he told the parable of the 10 virgins.
  • Judas went to the authorities. Matthew 21:23-27
0
Tuesday
  • Back to Jerusalem Matthew 26:17-19
  • Passover meal in the evening,
  • Exposed Judas.
  • After the meal they went to the garden of Gethsemane
  • arrested and brought before the Jews later in the night. Matthew 26:47-56
0
Wednesday
  • Tried and whipped early morning, 9 am Matthew 27:2-50
  • Crucified at midday
  • Christ dead at 3 pm
  • removed from the cross, wrapped in linen and placed in a tomb before 6 pm.
  • No time to prepare his body for burial as they had to prepare for the High Annual Sabbath  on Thursday, in a few hours. John 19 vs 31
  • Annual High Sabbath (Feast of unleavened bread) begun at 6 pm.
First night (6 pm – 6 am)
Thursday
  • Christ is already dead. Luke 23:43-46
  • Annual High Sabbath (Feast of unleavened bread) continued.
  • High Sabbath ends Thursday evening
  • Thursday evening at sunset. Christ still dead.
First day (6 am to 6 pm)

Second night (6 pm – 6 am)

“Good” Friday
  • Friday sunrise Christ is already dead
  • After the end of the High sabbath Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James, and Salome, bought spices, that they might come and anoint the dead. Mark 16:1-2
  • Spices which were bought were prepared in the day on Friday but they had to stop as the evening, Saturday Sabbath, was approaching. They planned to come back first thing Sunday morning, after the Saturday Sabbath to anoint the body.
  • The women rested on the Saturday Sabbath day (starting from Friday evening). Luke 23:55 – 24:1
Second day (6 am to 6 pm)

Third night (6 pm – 6 am)

Saturday
  • Christ is still dead in the morning
  • Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James continue resting during the Saturday Sabbath until it ended on  Saturday evening.
  • Christ risen Saturday evening before sunset or Sunday.
Third day

(6 am to 6 pm)

Sunday
  • Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James visit Jesus tomb on the Sunday, at dawn first day of the week. Matthew 28:1-10
  • Christ already risen from Saturday evening
Fourth day

Hence, we can count three days and nights backwards from Sunday to Wednesday, and we can count forward, three days and three nights if we go forward from being killed the day after Passover dinner to his resurrection before end of day Saturday or beginning of Sunday.

Evidence of Easter in the Bible

The spring equinox (Easter) is mentioned multiple times in the Old Testament and once in the New Testament indicating its existence before and during the time of Christ. 

bible2 Kings 23:13 which Solomon the king of Israel had builded for  Ashtoreth   the abomination of the Zidonians,

1 Kings 11:5-6. He followed Ashtoreth the goddess of the Sidonians, and Molech the detestable god of the Ammonites.

1 Kings 11:33. I will do this (split the nation) because they have forsaken me and

JEREMIAH+44_15-18.

worshiped Ashtoreth the goddess of the Sidonians…., ,

So the people of Israel removed the Baals and images of Ashtoreth. They served only Yahuwah.  (1 Samuel 7:3,4)

The women were engaged in kneading dough and baking cakes of bread for the “Queen of Heaven” (Jeremiah 7:18). Ezek 8:14 behold, there sat women weeping for Tammuz. (Lent) 

Acts 12: 4 state that And when he (Herod) had apprehended him (Peter), he put him in prison, and delivered him to four quaternions of soldiers to keep him; intending after Easter to bring him forth to the people. 

SPRING EQUINOX, EASTER AND CHRIST

The deification of the spring equinox as the goddess of fertility has been a natural development due to astronomical events.  The spring equinox is simply nature doing its work of rebirth, balance and fertility. However, man’s attempt to control his destiny, has led to the deification of the beginning of spring as Ishatr, goddess of fertility or queen of heaven. Today, Christianity has embraced Easter as the death and resurrection of Christ. Although this might seem naive if not dubious, it has accomplished what Constantine, Emperor of Rome intended and decreed at the council of Nicea AD 326: the marrying of Christ’s name with pagan Easter will allow for Christianity to be legalized, the gods continuing being happy and the republic of Rome flourish.  

ASH WEDNESDAY: TAMMUZ OR THE DEVIL’S DAY?

According to the Holy Scriptures, or simply the Bible, the only time(s) that should be recognized or revered or worshiped are the Sabbaths, the Passover, The Feast of First Fruits, the Feasts of the Weeks, The Feasts of the Trumpets, Feasts of Atonement, and the Feasts of the Tabernacles. Leviticus 23.

Any other “holy days” such as Ash Wednesday, Valentine’s Day, Easter, Lent, Christmas and Sunday are UNHOLY days and are the devil’s creation and an abomination to the creator of the heaven’s and earth. They are all mystery religions from Sumer or Mesopotamia.

There is no part in the Bible that instructs us to worship mystery religions. Indeed, anyone who worships days such as Ash Wednesday, Sunday and Easter will cause peril and sickness upon their children’s children down to the the third and fourth generation.

No wonder why we are suffering so much. We have adopted Satan’s way: teaching darkness as light and madness as gladness.

Indeed, Jesus Christ summed it up neatly in Mark 7:7

Howbeit in vain do they worship me, teaching for doctrines the commandments of men.

THE TRUE COMMANDMENTS

As mentioned, it is impossible to find any part in the bible that commands us to worship Ash Wednesday, Lent or Easter (Ishtar).

Exodus 20: And God spoke all these words, saying,

2 I am the LORD thy God,
which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.
3 Thou shalt have no other gods before me.
4 Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image,
or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth: 5 Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me; 6 And shewing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments.

8 Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy.
9 Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work: 10 But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates: 11 For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the Sabbath day, and hallowed it. 

Leviticus 19:26 King James Version (KJV). 26 Ye shall not eat any thing with the blood: neither shall ye use enchantment, nor observe times. 

The Origins of Ash Wednesday

The worship of Lent is a fore runner to Ash Wednesday.  It is a Mesopotamia mystery religion and based on mysticism. We got it not from divine scriptures but from the Greeks, Babylon and the Egyptians. The term Lent is a shortened form of Lenten, which derives from the Old English term lencten, which means spring.  This word is from the Old English root word lang which means long.  Lent thus refers to the Spring because it is the season when the days begin to lengthen.

Prior to the birth and death of Jesus, before Abraham was even born, Lent was a period of penance and abstinence for forty (40) days to mourn the death of Tammuz (a day for each year of his life as he was killed at age 40 by a pig). At the end of the mourning, on the Sunday after the Spring Equinox,  Tammuz would come back to life and the agriculture would flourish and the animals fertile. The 40 day mourning and penance had to end on the Sunday after the first full moon after March 21 to coincide with the worship of Easter, the goddess of fertility.

Ash Wednesday Tammuz
Tammuz, god of fertility embodying the powers for new life in nature in the spring. (is that a cross?)

You may be curious as to who was Tammuz. As we will soon realize, man also made gods in his own image and likeness. Tammuz, the god of fertility, was one such god. He was paraded as the immaculate conceived son of a great woman called Semiramis who, some legend has it, later became the Queen of Heaven,  Easter or Ishtar or Ashtoreth as Isaiah and Ezekiel called her. (see below for more information on this mother/child relationship).

Lent was accepted into the beliefs of the Catholic Church at the Council of Nicaea in 325 AD. The council also settled upon the 40-day fast period as the standard length to celebrate Lent.  During this time period Constantine’s (emperor of Rome) goal was to combine pagans and Christians into a peaceable unit within the Roman kingdom.

In 601, Pope Gregory moved the beginning of Lent from the fourth Sunday of the year to Ash Wednesday, 46 days before Easter. This changed allowed for 40 days of fasting with six Sundays counted as feast days, for a total of 46 days for Lent.

http://www.bibleinfo.com/en/questions/ash-wednesday-bible

The interesting thing about Lent or Ash Wednesday is that it is attached to Easter. Ash Wednesday, the beginning of Lent, is determined after the date of Easter has been designated. Easter begins on the Friday after the first full moon after the Spring Equinox, which is March 21. By ecclesiastical rules, which fixes the date of the equinox to March 21, the earliest possible date for Easter is March 22 and the latest possible is April 25.

Accordingly, Ash Wednesday can be as earl y as February 4 and as late as March 11. It all depends on when the moon fulls after March 21 and counting backwards for 46 days from Easter Sunday to determine the beginning of Lent. 

Wait a minute. I am sure if you were brought up in a nice Christian home like I did, you will be getting a bit puzzled now. What does the full moon, and beginning of Spring (March 21) got to do with Lent and Easter? The answer is everything. They both depends on the full moon after the Spring Equinox. March 21.

To fully appreciate the origins of Lent and Easter we must look back at where it all started. Thousands of years ago, man was very dependent on nature and its predictable yet uncertain behaviour. They quickly realized that the Sun, Moon and stars had a far-reaching impact and influence on harvests and live stocks.

As reasonable folks or better yet, as shrewd folks, they tried to give reverence and recognition to this profound fact. Common sense would dictate that the reverence be given to the Creator of the sun and moon but guess what, so far, no one has seen the maker of the sun and moon.

So man, being as creative as he is, decided to make gods in his own image, likeness and understanding. A god for everything of great importance. The sun was called the god of life and the moon was the goddess of fertility. Venus and Cupid took care of Love and Thor took care of war. You get the drift.

The greatest thing about this poly theism was that these gods were not jealous of each other. Each had his or her own affair and actually worked together. (Contrast this with Jehovah who is said to be so jealous that he is biased and prejudiced in that he will destroy those who serve other gods and take care of those who serve him).

Sentiments aside, let’s look at how the myths and legends explain the rituals and practices surrounding the worshiping of Lent and Easter.

According to the original and genuine Easter story, Ashtoreth/Easter (the goddess of fertility) was worshiped as the provider and re-starter of all life at Spring (March 21). Easter is also believed to be the deification of the infamous Semiramis,  the wife of Nimrod, of bible fame. Recall the tower of babel great hunter. We learnt about him at Sunday School and how he was against Jehovah.

It is unclear how Nimrod died as in in the Book of Jasher it is said that Esau, son of Isaac) killed him; while Josephus states that Shem, the son of Noah, killed Nimrod. However, after his death, Nimrod body ascended into the heavens and became the sun god himself. A bit horrifying but here comes the romantic part. Nimrod, the sun god, became rays of light and implanted his seed into his wife, Semiramis now a widow, and impregnate her. (Virgin mother and child?).   Ash Wednesday semiramis.tammuz

The myth further stated that the child  was called Tammuz , son of the sun god. He was responsible for bringing light into the world and to fight darkness. Can you guess when Tammuz was born? If you said at the Winter Solstice (December 22 – 25) you are correct. For those steeped in religious studies, you will recall that Invictus Sol (the unconquerable sun) was born on the shortest day of the year or the Saturnalia (December 22 -25) and we worship him today every December 25. That is Tammuz. Some customs called him Baal, or Mithra and more recently Jesus Christ, since the Council of Nicea, in AD 320 to legitimize its worship. Again, an apple by any other name is still an apple. Click here to See my blog on December 25 worship

The myth climaxed with the idea that Tammuz, at age 40, went hunting and was killed by a boar (hog, pig..same thing….how fitting). In order to bring back her son (Tammuz) to life an elaborate scheme was devised. The idea required forty (40) days of mourning for Tammuz (a day for each year of his life). At the end of 40 day mourning, Tammuz returns to life on the Sunday after the first full moon after March 21. Abstinence from meat, self and lust was the order of the day for the 40 days of Lent. At the end of Lent, a boar is killed and ham is eaten. Sweet revenge on the pig that killed Tammuz.

Mardi Gras or Fat Tuesday was the day before Lent where people can revel in carnal affairs (Carnival) and have sex and promiscuous behaviour prior to the 40 days of penitence.

As the myth would have it, Tammuz’s mother, Semiramis died and the gods looked favorably on her as she was the mother of the son of the sun god. She was sent back to earth as the Spring fertility goddess, Ashtoreth/Easter, always shown as a well endowed bare breasted  queen of fertility. According to the myth, she emerged from a giant egg that landed in the Euphrates river at sunrise on the Sunday after the full moon after the Spring Equinox.

Semiramis, the queen of heaven, was “born again” as the goddess Easter (Ashtarte). To prove her divine authority, Semiramis, now Ashtoreth/Easter, changed a bird into an egg laying rabbit. Decorated eggs and stories about rabbits are still part of today’s Easter ritual.

Easter Ishtar

As the cult of Ishtar developed, the priests would impregnate young virgins on the altar of the goddess of fertility at sunrise on Easter Sunday.  The babies would born in December. In March, of the following year, the priests of Easter would sacrifice these three-month old babies on the altar at the front of the sanctuary and dye Easter eggs in the blood of the sacrificed infants.

You must be saying wow. You knew Easter was bloody but it was suppose to be the blood of Jesus, that was shed to save the sins of the world. Not so fast, Easter Worship was going on before Christ was born.

Indeed, Christians are quick and proud to recognized Good Friday and Easter Sunday as Christ’s death and resurrection day. It is with good intentions that they do such acts of passion but the evidence shows that the crucifixion of Christ was only attached to Easter, 325 years after Christ died. Furthermore, the math and prophecies suggest that a Friday death and Sunday resurrection would not fit in with the “three days and three nights” requirement for the Christ to be dead and then resurrected. (Friday evening to Sunday morning is one day and two nights).

DEVIL’S PHILOSOPHY.

Interestingly, it should be noted that the New Testament even mention Easter by name and being around at the time of Christ and Peter the disciple. Acts 12: 4 stated that And when he had apprehended him, he put him in prison, and delivered him to four quaternions of soldiers to keep him; intending after Easter to bring him forth to the people. (Seems the Romans were already worshiping Easter before Christ’s death). Hmmmmm. 

Let’s look at the logic. If Easter is being recognized as the worship of the Death and Resurrection of Christ, how could Acts 12 vs 4 mention Easter while Christ was alive? The blind and even the ignorant can see that Easter was going on before Christ was killed.

Let’s put the icing on the cake: Easter is mentioned in the Old Testament too. King Solomon, married to foreign wives, “followed Astarte the goddess of the Sidonians” (1 Kings 11:5). Later the cult places to Ashtoreth were destroyed by Josiah. Astarte/Ashtoreth is the Queen of Heaven to whom the Canaanites burned offerings and poured libations (Jeremiah 44).

As you enjoy Ash Wednesday and Easter this year, remember, in the Old Testament, She was the Ishtar of the Accadians and the Astarte of the Greeks ( Jeremiah 44:17 ; 1 Kings 11:5 1 Kings 11:33 ; 2 Kings 23:13 ). There was a temple of this goddess among the Philistines in the time of Saul ( 1 Samuel 31:10 ). Under the name of Ishtar, she was one of the great deities of the Assyrians. The Phoenicians called her Astarte. Solomon introduced the worship of this idol ( 1 Kings 11:33 ). Jezebel’s 400 priests were probably employed in its service ( 1 Kings 18:19 ). It was called the “queen of heaven” ( Jeremiah 44:25 ).

 

IS THE EARTH FLAT OR A SPHERE? IT KEEPS MOVING.

FLAT BELIEFS OR ROUND SCOPE


Christopher Columbus, knowing the Earth is round,                                                            sailed from Spain westward and guess what he found.                                                         New places that he thought was the Asian mainland,                                                                   and the discoveries led to a new marauding band.

Copernicus, Bruno, Galilei, and Newton                                                                                       all have something in common:                                                                                                 they dare to say the earth moved and is a sphere                                                                   end up life not spared or living in fear.
C. Neil

My little poem above was written to set the stage for a meandering review or swipe at how belief in a round earth that moves can lead to discoveries and new exploration (Columbus) but can also lead to persecution and death (Bruno) or a twist of fate from heretic to hero (Galileo).

Indeed, the Galileo melodrama touches a very important point. What is Truth? Yesterday’s fallacy can be today’s fact and today’s fact may be tomorrow’s fiction. Yeah, history is not necessarily fair in its representation of truth as it is invariably written from the perspective of the victor and not the victim. Regrettably, many times the suppressed victim’s view is the right view as will see in Galileo’s case.

In the 21st century, fortunately or unfortunately, kids are now taught in kindergarten that the earth is spherical, does move but is fixed in its plane, orbits around the sun and doesn’t move under their feet because of gravity.

Of course in the 21 st century, there are also many folks who believe that such teaching is nonsense. This is understandable as most major ancient religions from Mesopotamia to Egypt to the Greeks and to the Hebrews were built on a perception of a flat fixed earth that is at the centre of the universe. This tenet was so important to religion and power, that to believe otherwise could get you persecuted or killed.

THE EARTH: EVOLUTION OF THE FACTS

Based on the literature, the idea of a flat geocentric earth was the first common and ordinary understanding of the universe. Many of the major ancient religions, from the occultism of Mesopotamia (Sumer), to the religion of Babel and Hindu, to the myths and legends of Egypt, to the conquest of Greece and Persia, to the might of the Romans, all had a common underlying thread of the creation of gods in man’s own image and likeness and the belief in a flat geocentric universe. . 

The manufacturing of idols such as Ra, Osiris, Isis, Tammuz and Ishtar coupled with a flat geocentric universe was necessary for ” manageable and duly” control of the populace. Religion was authority and determine facts. It also ensured the perpetuation of nepotism and hereditary power. Of course, absolute power, absolute corruption.

Image result for the hebrew and flat earth cosmo
Many ancient religions, including the Hebrews, purport a Flat Fixed Earth around which the Sun and planets revolved. However, since Pythagoras, Copernicus and Galileo, this view has been questioned.


In early Mesopotamian mythology, the world was portrayed as a flat disk floating in the ocean with a hemispherical sky-dome above, and this formed the premise for early world maps  like those of Anaximander.

Needless to say, the neighbouring Hebrews adopted and assimilated these occultic thoughts and precepts into their religion as well. Indeed one of the months of the Jewish Calendar is Tammuz, named after Tammuz, Sumerian Mesopotamian god of fertility embodying the powers for new life in nature in the spring. Do you also recall how King Solomon adopted the pagan religions of his over 700 wives to the chagrin of the Hebrew God, Jehovah.

The flat earth dogma prevailed for thousands of years until it saw its first major opponent in the 6th century: Pythagoras (570 BC). His idea was proposed using constellation observations, by studying the earth’s circular shadow on the moon during a lunar eclipse and also his belief that every thing could be explained mathematically prompted him to feel that the sphere was a perfect shape. 

Pythagoras (570 – 495 BC) also made the astronomic observation that the evening star and the morning star were in fact the very same object (Venus). He was more pragmatic than religious and his studying of astrology, numbers and metaphysics was ironically considered as occultism by occultists. His famous Pythagoras Theorem is an old Sumerian principle. He was caring to nature and was believed to be a vegetarian.

Image result for pythagoras
The Brotherhood of Pythagoreans,
Pythagorean Cult and the Pythagorean Theorem are believed to be based on Sumerian numerology and mysticism. Considered as the father of philosophy. Pythagoras was excommunicated by the Greeks for his radical thoughts.


To compound maters, not only was Pythagoras using occultism ideas, he founded the Brotherhood of Pythagorean (who coined the term mathematics) which many argue, was the world’s first Secret Society and the forerunner of Free Mason. The Pythagorean Cult was infamous and Pythagoras was excommunicated by the Greeks. Pythagoras coined the term philosophy.

Philolaus 390 B.C , another Ancient Greece philosopher and student of Pythagoras, promulgated the moveable spherical earth view. He believed that there is a “central fire” that everything else in the universe revolved around, including the moon, earth, and the other planets. However, in his theory, the “central fire” wasn’t the sun itself. The sun is said to have revolved around the “central fire”, as well.

Aristotle (384 – 322 BC)

Aristotle refused to buy the moveable earth idea but he was sold on the the fact that the Earth is a sphere. According to Aristotle, the shadow of the earth on the moon during an eclipse suggested that it was a sphere. Indeed, both Plato and Aristotle adopted the spherical earth notion but rejected the moveable earth tenet component. This muddled philosophy since Aristotle is one of the most quoted philosopher. This meant that Plato and Aristotle were endorsing aspects of the Pythagorean Cult: a spherical earth.

Aristarchus (310 BC –  230 BC)

Aristarchus, a Greek astronomer and mathematician, is famously known as the first person to have proposed the new heliocentric idea of the solar system – that the earth rotated and revolved around a stationary sun. Like Galileo many years later however, his sun centred ideas were dismissed as most people found it easier to believe the views of Aristotle and Ptolemy, that it was the earth that was at the centre of the solar system.

Eratosthenes (276 BC – 195 BC)

Aristotle’s confused view of a spherical but stationary earth prevailed until,
the father of Geography, Eratosthenes, became the first person to accurately calculate the circumference of the earth.  Fortunately or unfortunately, his ideas were not abound and Aristotle’s view was still preferred and continued for the next millennium, until the “trouble maker” Nicolaus Copernicus was born.

Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543) came on the scene and blurted, “We revolve around the Sun like any other planet.” He formulated a model of the universe that placed the Sun rather than the Earth at the centre of the universe and the world as not been the same since. Though similar to Pythagoras, Copernicus however, believed the planets orbit the sun and not a circle of fire.

Literature had it that Martin Luther (1483 – 1546), the founder of Protestant Christianity, commented on Copernicus’ theory that the Earth orbits the sun:

“This fool wishes to reverse the entire science of astronomy; but sacred Scripture tells us that Joshua commanded the sun to stand still, and not the earth (Psa xciii. I). […] Who will venture to place the authority of Copernicus above that of the Holy Spirit?” Martin Luther, Quoted in Bertrand Russell (1946).  Science has since decided who was the fool. 

 

For meddling purposes, let’s share an alleged statement by Ferdinand Magellan (1480-1521), Portuguese navigator of the same period, who did not necessarily support the authority of the Church:

“The church says the earth is flat, but I know that it is round, for I have seen the shadow on the moon, and I have more faith in a shadow than in the church” –

Image result for galileo truth

Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) observation of Jupiter’s moons in 1610 confirmed the Copernican’s heliocentric view of the universe but it destroyed Aristotles geocentric cosmos and horrified the Church. He too was persecuted and he died under house arrest in 1642 after being arrested in 1633.

At about the same time, German mathematician Johannes Kepler was publishing a series of laws that describe the orbits of the planets around the Sun. Still in use today, the mathematical equations provided accurate predictions of the planets’ movement under Copernican theory.

In 1687, Isaac Newton put the final nail in the coffin for the Aristotelian, geocentric view of the Universe. Building on Kepler’s laws, Newton explained why the planets moved as they did around the Sun and he gave the force that kept them in check a name: gravity.

Well, the flat earth theory is still alive and has its following.

SPHERICAL EARTH: PERCEPTION AND PERSPECTIVE

After all that bookish meandering and heady stuff, it is timely to close this blong (blog long) on some more mundane and contemporary happenings. Albeit, still a bit controversial but easier to conceive and digest. Remember Aristotle’s tenet – it is all a matter of perception. Here goes:

  1.  Observing Lunar eclipses: Round shadow, round earth? 
Image result for lunar eclipse
“The church says the earth is flat, but I know that it is round, for I have seen the shadow on the moon, and I have more faith in a shadow than in the church.” –Ferdinand Magellan (1480-1521) Portuguese navigator. This statement was in reaction to the dogma of the Vatican Church in the 16th century. As was seen, the flat geometric universe was more or less the “common sense” of the day.

A few folks such as Pythagoras and Aristotle, (570 – 495 BC) and (384–322 BC) respectively taught that the round shadow of Earth on the Moon during a lunar eclipse meant that the earth is a sphere. Aristotle supported his belief by observing “there are stars seen in Egypt and  Cyprus which are not seen in the northerly regions.” Since this could only happen on a curved surface, he believed the Earth was a sphere “of no great size, for otherwise the effect of so slight a change of place would not be quickly apparent.” (De caelo, 298a2–10).

Flat Earthers reasoned that the round shadow on the moon could be produced by a flat disc that always faces the Moon head-on during the eclipse. That is true, but the Moon is only rarely directly overhead during an eclipse and a given lunar eclipse is only visible from half of the Earth at a time.  Problem?

Nope, Flat Earthers dismiss this empirical evidence of the shadow by simply saying that the moon is a hologram and not a solid. By extension, the visits to the moon by the Soviet Union’s  unmanned Luna 2 mission on 13 September 1959, and the United States’  manned Apollo 11 mission on 20 July 1969 were impossible. Of course, January’s 2019 landing of an unmanned Chinese space craft on the far side of the moon was also a HOAX. Preposterous. It is simply a NASA conspiracy.

Suffice to say, not only did Galileo noticed the moons of Jupiter, he also saw mountains on the moon suggesting a solid.

  1. Visits to Antarctica as a tourist? Normal but expensive.

Related imageIt’s not a crazy idea? Simply put the craziest thing about going to Antarctica is the cold. Don’t be daunted by Flat-Earthers that claim Antarctica is a giant impenetrable icy wall encircling the Earth to keep us from falling off our disc-shaped world.

Antarctica is the world’s southernmost and 5th largest continent. It is bigger than the European Continent and twice the size of Australia.

Image result for antarctica marathon
Visit a Marathon. A 25-day expedition departing from London  by way of Buenos Aires is $42,450 and up. Sea cruises leave from Ushuaia in Argentina lasting anywhere between 10 days and 3 weeks costing US$6,000 per person for shared accommodation cabins. CLICK TO WATCH THE MARATHON

An interesting fact is that Polar bears live only in the Arctic, and penguins live only in the Antarctic. It is also where the South Pole is situated which has 6 months of sunshine and six months of darkness with only one sunrise and sunset per year.

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Is surface circumnavigation of Antarctica really possible?

The Commonwealth Trans-Antarctic Expedition  of 2 March 1958 led by British Explorer Vivian Fuchs and New Zealander Edmund Hilary (the first man to climb Everest) successfully completed the first overland crossing of Antarctica via the South Pole.

 

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New Zealander Edmund Hilary (the first man to climb Everest) and British Explorer Vivian Fuchs completed the first overland crossing of Antarctica, via the South Pole, on the Commonwealth Trans-Antarctic Expedition, 2 March 1958. He was however the third person to reach the South Pole. CLICK TO WATCH THE VIDEO.

Flat Earthers insist that no one has ever crossed Antarctica. They propose that the world is a north-pole-centered disc and Antarctica is an impenetrable ice wall that encircles the planet and hides any edges. The explanation is that east-west circumnavigation is simply moving around the disc in a circle. (This is true as East-West paths form a circle in both disc and spherical geometry).

 

However, Flat Earthers believe it is possible in the disc model to traverse the North Pole, but it is not possible to perform a circumnavigation that includes the South Pole, which it posits does not exist in any event.

The Commonwealth Trans-Antarctic Expedition  of 2 March 1958 provided empirical evidence that Antarctica is a continent that can be traversed via a south pole that exist. Also, since the 1500s, many people have sailed or flown completely around the world in all directions, and none have discovered an edge or impenetrable barrier. As seen above, even tourists go to Antarctica.

  1. There is a North and South Pole? True or False?

According to Flat Earthers, the South Pole does not exist. They do believe in a North Pole which is at the centre of the flat earth.  However, how can there be North and no South? Can there be up without down or top without bottom? Is it perspective or perception?

Indeed, the South Pole does exist. It is also known as the Geographic South Pole or Terrestrial South Pole. It is one of the two points where the Earth’s axis of rotation intersects its surface. It lies on the opposite side of the Earth from the North Pole, at the centre of the Southern Hemisphere, on the continent of Antarctica.

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Amundsen–Scott South Pole Station at Antarctica which was established in 1956 and has been permanently staffed since that year. WATCH VIDEO ON SOUTH POLE STATION

The south pole is the only inhabited place on the land surface of the Earth from which the Sun is continuously visible for six months and is then continuously dark for the next six months. The South Pole sees the Sun rise and set only once a year. 

 

 

 

 

  1. Satellites Pictures of the Earth. Fake News?

 

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International Space Station picture showing Jamaica and Cuba. Is that a curved globe?

Satellites (Artificial) have been known to been in space and have taken mind boggling pictures suggesting a curved earth. Indeed, it was as early as October 4, 1957, that the Soviet Union launched SPUTNIK-1 into an elliptical low Earth orbit. This made its flight path to cover virtually the entire inhabited Earth. 

 

Flat Earthers say this is impossible as Artificial Satellites do not exist despite data showing that there are more than 40 countries have launched more than 4,000 satellites. According to Flat Earthers, GPS is operated by fibre optic cables running under the sea from continent to continent and by towers. There are no satellites. Fake News and conspiracy theory.

Claims by countries to have sent satellite into space is considered as conspiracy theory facilitated by NASA. One might understand NASA falsifying information but a conspiracy between the Soviet Union and NASA during the cold war era needs much thought.

SPHERICAL EARTH: HERETIC OR HEROIC? 

The Mesopotamia is considered as the cradle of civilization and our perception of the world is shaped by their culture. Sumer is also famed for being the home of occultism and mysticism. These meaningful yet satanic rituals were adopted by Egypt and the subsequent world powers, Babylon, Greece, Persia, Rome and the Anglo Saxons (Britain). The Hebrews were also tainted.

According to Aristotle and behavioural studies, our approach to life is basically perception: how we make sense of the world.  This is no easy task since the evolving of facts and the idea of an uncommon common sense make us note that even nonsense has sense in it. “Indeed, normal has become abnormal and abnormal has become normal”. By extension, today’s heresy can be tomorrow’s heroic deed.

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Galileo: From heretic to hero and from villain to victim. He was persecuted by the Vatican Church for his observations of the moons around Jupiter which defunct the geocentric cosmos. In 1992, Pope John Paul II declared that the ruling against Galileo was an error resulting from “tragic mutual incomprehension.”

A great example was in 1992, when Galileo Galilei went from heretic to hero. Pope John Paul II declared that the ruling against Galileo was an error resulting from “tragic mutual incomprehension.” Seems Galileo was right all along: heliocentric universe?

 

Image result for galileo galilei truthThis embarrassing situation is creating a possible debacle for religion as we know it. It could affect the establishment’s need to keep people in line with dogma. The Church had argued that if the earth is not at the centre of the universe (geocentric) it could undermine the notion of man’s special relationship with god.  Also, since scripture seemed to support a fixed earth, any attempt to prove otherwise could make the earth seem insignificant.

Related imageThe critical thing to note is that the Truth exists and being special lies in the eyes of the beholder. Maybe, the time and effort being spent delving in astrology, science, metaphysics and religion could be best spent seeing that the hungry is fed; the naked clad and the sick given a bed. Man, be thy brother’s keeper.